Agriculture, fishery and forestry, which account for 20 per cent of zambian gdp, shrunk by 2. A framework for analysis renske doorenspleet and lia nijzink 1 2 an overview of african party systems gero erdmann and matthias basedau 25 part 1 e nduring onep arty dominance 3 namibia. Satisfaction with democracy meaning and measurements there is a rich literature on both within and between country factors that affects citizens satisfaction with democracy and the way democracy works for an overview, see cutler et. By doing so, the king acknowledged he was bound by law, like others, and granted his subjects legal rights. Zambia s record of democracy in the 1990s has been much criticized, at home and abroad. Democracy and multiparty politics in africa recent elections in zambia, zimbabwe, and lesotho. The mmds frederick chiluba, a trade unionist who had been locked up by kaunda, became zambia s second president.
The 2016 general election in zambia article pdf available in afrika spectrum. Democracy in zambia 43 constitutional democracy means. May 16, 2012 amidst the recent democratic crisis following the announcement that the patriotic front government intends to deregister the main opposition party the movement for multiparty democracy few commentators have pickedup on the growing tension between new president michael sata and zambias trade unions. Democracy and governance in africa the national academies press. The past few years have witnessed a democratic awakening in many parts of africa. In the 1991 elections in zambia, frederick chiluba and his movement for. Kaunda, and brought president chiluba and his movemebt for multiparty democracy to power, took place within days of. May 18, 2017 so zambia, hungary and turkey all exemplify the ways in which democracy tends to fall apart in the 21st century. Introduction the l990s have witnessed concerted efforts by several individual nations and the international community to transform many dictatorial governments around the world to democratic systems of governance accountable to the people, through regular and fair elections and an array of representative institutions. Zambia s leadership seems intent on destroying the 50 years of work postindependence to build democracy by replicating actions we have routinely seen in zimbabwe, notably the systematic harassment and intimidation of press, civil society and the opposition. Zambia practices organized democracy where laws take precedence while all the ingredients of a functional democracy including the conduct of transparent and credible elections are followed and. And some might argue that the internet is creating new forms of direct democracy, as it empowers political groups to raise money for their causes by appealing. Although support for democratic government has been rekindled, following a declining trend between 1999 and 2005, the zambian political environment still.
Feb 11, 20 zambia is no dictatorship, but the trend is worrisome. Cultivating the liberation gospel henning melber 49 4 south africa. The mmds frederick chiluba, a trade unionist who had been locked up by kaunda, became zambias second president. Zambians 76% have expressed a preference for democracy rather than. Democracy mmd is too recent an event to permit any firm assessment of changes taking place in the zambian political system.
Democracy on trial commonwealth human rights initiative. Zambia is an electoral democracy, where democratic principles and separation of powers are broadly institutionalised and generally accepted and respected. Political transition in zambia first, the most salient political trends and events in zambia from the formation of the new government in november 1991, through its reelection in 1996 to the present. We hold elections and the challenger is allowed to contest the results in a court of law. Compared to many other southern african countries, zambia has relatively abundant land and water.
In the past, coups used to be the most imminent threat against the survival of democracy, but zambia and other cases illustrate how democracy can suffer gradual deterioration. Pdf democracy and multiparty politics in africa recent. Prospects for democracy in zambia wiley online library. Deutsche zeitschrift fur gegenwartsbezogene afrikaforschung 5. Trade unions and democracy in zambia democracy in africa. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. Zambia should hold such an election before the end of october 1996 and there has been deep concern, both domestic and. There are many forces both visible and invisible, overt and covert, internal and external, conscious and unconscious that are imperiling zambian democracy which we fought so hard for to birth prior to the 1991, culminating in the multiparty dispensation victory by the people in the 1991 elections. The crisis of democratic consolidation in zambia openedition. The zambia national womens lobby group in the 2001 tripartite elections 259 bizeck j.
The second conference, scheduled for 711th december 1998 is a follow up to this first conference and its objectives have been outlined as follows. Pdf on jan 1, 2011, mcdonald chipenzi and others published the state of democracy in zambia find, read and cite all the research you. Pdf on jan 1, 2011, mcdonald chipenzi and others published the state of democracy in zambia find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Zambia, like many african nations, suffered a dearth of democracy while gaining statehood.
Zambia is an outstanding example of a stable democracy committed to the rule of lawdavies mwila oasis forum statement on attacks against laz president ms linda kasonde. The labour movement in the third republic 243 friday e. In 1215, english nobles pressured king john of england to sign a document known as the magna carta, a key step on the road to constitutional democracy. Oct, 2019 article 4 describes zambia as a multiparty democracy. It is generally acknowledged that a prime test of the development of democracy in new emerging systems would be the conduct of the next general election after the installation of a government based on the multiparty democracy.
The politics of zambia takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the president of zambia is head of state, head of government and leader of a multiparty system. Zambia particularly in the field of gemstone and industrial mineral, which offer great potential. In switzerland, many important political decisions on issues, including public health, energy, and employment, are subject to a vote by the country s citizens. Multiparty democracy mmd reflected the hopes and aspirations of the majority of. Though it is true that democracy is spreading like bushfire throughout africa,6 at least until recently, the new pro democracy movements and political parties. New dictionary provides nuanced insights into the language of african politics.
Seven countries senegal, ghana, benin, namibia, botswana, south africa and mauritius have maintained their positions. The number of free countries remains the same as a decade ago. The major donors have been meeting frequently in order to discuss development and debt problems and to devise aid strategies for african governments. Naming the real dangers to democracy in zambia the mast online.
It is one thing for democratic regimes to emerge, quite another for democracy. The fact that his lawyers botched the trial doesnt mean the election werent fair. Democracy and governance in africa africas continuing reliance on foreign aid has increased the opportunities for bilateral and multilateral aid agencies to influence policy making in the region. State of democracy in zambia democratisation in zambia in the last few years can be described by its limitations. Democracy and consensus decisionmaking among the bemba. In zambia, usaid democracy, human rights, and governance assistance focuses on the following. Oct 18, 2016 in my latest democracy 3 series, we turn our attention to the troubled nation of zambia, where the people are sick, impoverished, and crime is running rampant. Arising from this stand point, zambia can be perceived as a nation on crossroads with regard to the pursuit of a truly zambianafrican democratic system owing to the following.
Overview of zambias political and economic context. Over the last 20 years, comparisons of the state of democracy in kenya and zambia have tended to favour the latter. Three of these, that is, ghana, tanzania, and malawi rejected the incorporation of a bill of rights as a substantive part of their singleparty constitutions. While zambia was heralded as a model of peaceful transfer of power following the landmark elections of 1991 that saw the defeat of founding president kenneth kaunda it has regressed into a semiauthoritarian and intolerant regime. Oasis forum statement on state of democracy,rule of. Zambia progressive party zpp zambia united democratic party zudp limitations of the study despite certain restraints imposed on the assessment, the team is confident that the study provides a fair analysis of the state of political parties in zambia.
Zambias initial constitution was abandoned in august 1973 when it became a oneparty state. Not only has zambia experienced two transfers of power. Zambian citizens, democracy and political participation. The restraints encountered in this assessment are described below. The return to multiparty politics meant that zambians, through their elected representatives local government councillors and members of parliament, would have. The constitution of the second republic provided for a oneparty participatory democracy, with the united national independence party unip the only legal political party. Proportional representation and democracy in zambia. Introduction to constitutional law unwritten constitution characteristics and classifications of constitutions the zambian constitution salient features government under the constitution citizens governed in a democracy central, local government and democracy devolution, federalism and democracy concept of separation of powers rationale for. He promised democratic, transparent and accountable governance, but inherited and empty treasury, a foreign debt of seven billion us dollars and a country in a worse state than it had been when it won its independence in 1964. Satisfaction with democracy 58 55 26 40 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1999 2003 2005 2009 support for and satisfaction with democracy in zambia should be read against zambians view of what constitutes a. The constitution further vests the sovereign authority of the state in the people of zambia to be exercised directly or through elected or appointed representatives or institutions. The crisis of democratic consolidation in zambia civilisations. The first dpmf conference on democracy, civil society and governance in africa was held in addis ababa in december 1997. Constitution, governance, and democracy by mulenga besa.779 1247 1468 629 1099 83 520 622 1056 1144 1206 776 1160 494 320 655 1268 873 490 650 1266 1058 738 774 1288 1211 1127 1037 615 1563 250 1042 844 419 1007 850 1419 1406 585 1396 72 763 368 1294 631 514 1457